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WEB Soil Survey





Helping individuals, groups & communities conserve their land and water by providing education, information, workshops and technical assistance.

Help us to help you



                        The ONRCD stream table for     



Town Meetings

Educational Programs.


Flavors of the Valley


                                                                                                                                              Trek to Taste


                                                                                                                   Governor Shumlin and Congressman Welsh at the Springfield Apple Festival






If you have interest in having the stream table demonstrated at your event,

please contact ONRCD1@GMAIL.COM 




Lesson Packet for Grades 4-6  download as a PDF

developed by

Jenna Guarino - Ecotone Education - REVISED 4/2015


Demonstrating  how rivers and streams work at the 2012 Flavors of the Valley

Valley News article

We hope you get to see us in action in 2015 !

April 12 - Flavors of the Valley - Hartford, VT - It was great seeing you all there!

 June 6 - Trek to Taste - Woodstock, VT

    Springfield Apple Festival - Springfield, VT


During the last 10 days of January, the third and fourth-graders from Dot Gray and Deb Scotts rooms had the opportunity to delve into river science using an EMriver Em2 Geomodel Stream Table. The use of this stream table or flume was made possible by the Ottauquechee Natural Resources Conservation District. The students learned how rivers work and how human activity affects riversThe focusing question for use with the unit was, “How does river erosion impact river health, water quality, and human communities?” Students learned many new vocabulary words and the three methods that humans use to “control” rivers. They are vegetative, like planting trees; structural, like using rip-rap (large boulders); and manipulative, such as changing the channel of a river.As a final project, the students worked in small groups to develop a river plan that would accommodate people, but prevent erosion as much as possible. They predicted the strengths and weaknesses of their design. Then they put their designs to the test by setting up their design in the stream table and letting the water flow. They all watched to see if their engineering plan would keep the river in “dynamic equilibrium” (the balance between too much sediment and too much water).



    My students used the table to learn about water, erosion and culverts. Students used what they learned about the movement of water and its affects in connection with what they experienced during Tropical Storm Irene. We invited a guest from the Department of a Natural Resources to discuss the challenges many communities are having in getting funding for the lost/damagedd culverts. Students wrote persuasive essays to persuade FEMA to fund the upgraded culverts as they expressed what they had learned and experienced first hand. Students were very involved in the use of the table, and use their own lunch/studyhall time to explore it beyond our class time. This is a wonderful tool that could be used many times throughout the school year as we cover many topics in science and math.
Thank you for the use of the table. I hope that many more schools will jump at the opportunity to connect with you as everyone, young and old love to play in the water.


ONRCD monthly meetings are held on the third Tuesday of each month and are open to all

Browse through our monthly e-newsletters

Holiday Hints


Horse Management

ONRCD skidder bridge in use at the Springfield Town Forest- Feb 2012






              HEAVY DUTY DESIGN





Upcoming Projects

Building Resilience in Vermont's Watersheds - High Meadows Grant

Trees for Streams - four sites to be planted

Skidder Bridge - 1 heavy duty bridges now available, 1 available this summer

Black River visual assessment - to take place this summer


Ongoing Projects


River Bank Buffer Plantings

ONRCD has received a Trees for Streams grant to provide trees along unprotected stream banks.  Plantings will be spring of 2014 at four locations approved for this grant.

  Please contact ONRCD1@gmail.com should you have interest in participating in this program for 2015.

Students participated in planting at Quechee Park - Hartford, VT

Riparian buffers will help a stream damaged by TS Irene to repair itself


May 21, 2011

October 30, 2011

Oct 27-28, 2012

May 3, 2013

Oct 24, 2013

May 9, 2014

May 17, 2015

Billings Farm, Woodstock, VT


                                Planting 200+ trees  May 2011                                                                                               post Irene - September 2011


Digging out silted in trees and planting 30+ white pines - October 2011   - May 2012 50% survival!                  








                    October 2012

(Front row) Larry Kasden of the Ottauquechee Natural Resources Conservation District and a Willow tree.
Middle row, from left to right is - Ben Lefebvre (TU member), Lindsey Lefebvre (TU Board member), Todd Menees (VT Agency of Natural Resources), Ben McLean (Billings Farm & Museum), and (Ron Rhodes, Connecticut River Watershed Council and TU Bd. member).In the back are William and Brian Burkholder (TU member) and Steve Rowe (TU member

May 2013

TS Irene caused havoc with the Ottauquechee River through Woodstock, VT.  It took weeks before the field was passable to determine the damage along the planted bank.  Happily, the bank held, however the hardwood and pine plantings up on the bank were so silted over they would not survive.  ONRCD joined forces with Trout Unlimited and Billings Farm and planted white pine saplings and dug out and replanted numerous trees on Oct 30, 2011. This spring most of the trees have survived.  ONRCD partnered with Connecticut River Watershed Council, Upper Valley Trout Unlimited, Vermont Agency of Natural Resources and Billings Farm to plant an additional 200 trees on October 27, 2012.  The buffer was expanded by 35 feet along the bank of the Ottauquechee River on May 3, 2013.


Canaday Foundation donation of trees for TS Irene damage

May 25, 2013





140 trees were planted along Piney Hollow Brook, Plymouth, VT




October 2013

River Bank Tree Planting, Woodstock
The Ottauquechee Natural Resources Conservation District teamed up with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the Intervale Center to plant 400 trees on riverbank in West Woodstock. There has been 1400 trees planted in our area and over 12,000 total statewide. The purpose of the planting is to prevent banks from being undercut during flooding








Retired forester Dick Nason entertained 75 attendees on Jan 18, 2014 with stories of logging with handsaws and horses

       Dick showed slides and movies showing methods no longer used


Consulting forester Robbo Halleran took viewers through the progression of forestry practices in Vermont on Feb 7, 2015


Watch for the 2016 program on the future of forestry in Vermont !



Kedron Brook


If you live on the Kedron Brook or a tributary, become active in helping to keep this waterway clean.

April 2010

Over twenty residents met to discuss water issues along the brook

August 2010

Basin Plan complete for suggested projects along the brook

December 2010

Three grants awarded for projects along the Kedron Brook

April 2011

Willow shoots planted along Kedron Brook tributary to control erosion

Summer 2012

Livestock exclusion project along the Kedron Brook tributary


Thanks to landowners who are getting invovled, two properties will exclude livestock, by way of fencing

Two properties conducted bank restoration to reduce runoff and erosion

Want to get involved?  Contact us  ONRCD1@GMAIL.COM


AUGUST 17, 2012

I learned that people often use the names aspen and poplar interchangeably, and that a forest is a living, growing entity that like children develop through stages that are often not very attractive but need to grow through them in order to mature. - Larry Kasden

The first is that sunlight management and soil health are vital considerations in management world. The other point to ponder: there is no right or wrong in nature, only consequences. Brilliant. - Mike Bald

Happy to have discovered that in an area where poplars are growing, they will suppress new poplars in that area. Perhaps there is hope to keep trails open! - Sue Greenall

I enjoyed meeting so many experts all in one setting and I learned a lot from them. I was fascinated by the never-ending evolution of the forest. Thanks for a very worthwhile workshop. I look forward to attending more in the future. - Mike Brown

I learned how much interest there is in supporting the wood products industry as a goal of the program, and a lot about how the forest responds to the forestry. I also learned that pine trees will not grow back. - Timon Malloy

I learned that sugar maples have a nickname; rock maple. And that they need lots of calcium in the soil to thrive.- Ron Rhodes

Many thanks to 

Jon Bouton – Windsor County Forester

Forrest Hammond – Wildlife Biologist, VT Fish and Wildlife

Sylvia Harris – Natural Resources Conservation Service

Patrick Bartlett – Consulting Forester


Missed it?  For more information contact









Looking for weeds                                                                Demonstrating safe use of a backpack and tank sprayer


A very successful workshop on controlling pasture weeds and invasive plants was held on Oct. 20, 2011 at Jenny Kimberly’s farm in Windsor, VT.  Twelve landowners and five representatives of organizations in the Ottauquechee & Black river basin met at 1PM trusting that the rainy weather would take a break, and it did.  Jenny Kimberly, retired Natural Resources Conservation Service soil conservationist, Sylvia Harris, Vermont Association of Conservation District Agricultural Resource Specialist and Mike Bald, owner of Got Weeds, walked the group through the pasture and tree rows identifying weeds and invasive plants.  Attendees were able to see an area of pasture that had been sprayed with an herbicide a week earlier.  Discussion on how herbicides work and under what conditions they work best followed.  A demonstration of a backpack sprayer and a broadcast tank sprayer allowed attendees to learn about application safety practices.  Mike Bald demonstrated a weed wrench on a honeysuckle vine and talked about mechanical removal of weeds and invasives.  The presenters offered additional material and resources to further educate attendees in the controlling of weeds.  Sylvia Harris ended the workshop with a talk about choosing the method of control, whether chemical or mechanical, with safety and positive results in consideration before starting a project.  Weed and invasive plant control has been widely talked about in Vermont and this workshop was a step towards giving landowners the tools to identify and start controlling them.  A similar workshop will be held next year. 



                Jenny Kimberly & Sylvia Harris show examples of weeds           Mike Bald talks about mechanical removal of weeds

Handy information on Weed Control





April 26, 2010 issue, page 122



Change the World Kids, Woodstock, VT

ONRCD is proud to be partnering with these outstanding youth

and will be working with them this year to help them bring

their "Bosque para Siempre"(Forever Forest) project

to fullfillment in Vermont.







ONRCD display at farmer's markets

Outreach to the community

ONRCD will visit farmer's markets this summer reaching local growers, consumers and home gardeners.   Literature on rain barrels and rain gardens, which help reduce excessive runoff during rain events, will be available as well as soil tests for gardens and pastures, information on invasive plants and how to control them.

Look for us - we will be there!


Rain barrels redirect water from your roof gutter and downspouts away from

walkways and driveways thus preventing erosion during downpours.  Stored

water can then be used for lawns or gardens.  One easy way to help protect

streams from runoff and protect your property. 


Make your own - Capture the Storm

Purchase one - Your Best Rain Barrels

Low impact development guide



Rain Gardens

Rain garden brochure

Rain garden resources

Why build a rain garden when it hasn’t rained?  Actually, during a dry period is when rain gardens are most valuable.  Heavy downpours create a surplus of rain water that runs off causing erosion and silted waterways.  Rain gardens trap the water and disperse it slowly. They can solve driveway washouts, road flooding, and roof gutter water dispersal.  Plus, they help retain water for vegetative growth during dry spells.  This is a creative way to conserve water quality and save money with the added enjoyment of attracting hummingbirds, butterflies and other native wildlife. 


Soil test for your garden or pastures

Available at the ONRCD office

28 Farmvu Drive, WRJ, VT (by the post office)

drop by or call and we will be happy to give you a kit

Backyard Habitats - Rain Gardens

Interested in learning more?

Contact us and we will direct you to a qualified speaker for your group


ONRCD and its partner organizations offer workshops

throughout the year on a variety of interesting topics 

Japanese Knotweed workshop - 2008

Planting seedlings in our nursery - 2009

Woodstock "Change the World Kids" assisting

Buffer Planting Project - 2009

Billings Farm Buffer Planting           Why Stabilize a River Bank?

Local foods are always part of our programs

Join us.....

Ottauquechee Natural Resources Conservation District is looking for a few good people to join us

in our efforts to keep our environment the best it can be.

Who are we looking for ?

A person interesting in their surroundings

Ability to attend monthly meetings

Someone who wants to make a difference

An interest in being heard

Natural Resources Conservation Service outreach during the past year to beginning and limited resource producers and to previously underserved groups through local groups such as ONRCD has resulted in private working lands being more productive, the environment growing healthier, and countless communities are safer and more economically viable.  Dave White NRCS chief

We are proud of the many projects we have been involved with that make living in this area a better place.

Be proud with us!

Annual Report see what we have been doing and are planning to do!


Miss one?

We can still get you the information


Chickens can eat most everything, they love vegetables and breads.

To learn more about this project go to: Food Scrap Reduction Project

- About District  -  District History  - ONRCD Annual Report

Articles of interest on Conservation



Brochures and Additional Information


Land Treatment Planning - Brochure

Nutrient Management Planning - Brochure   

Manure Management - Manure handbook

Athena Bradley 802-254-3636 or athena@nerc.org

Manure Management

Manure Management webpage

Power Point Presentation

Manure Management Guide

Animal Mortality Composting - Composting Brochure

Weighing crops and nutrients = good land management = saving money

NRCS Web Soil Survey: http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/app/

Ottauquechee River Basin Plan 2008: water quality planning documents

Marie Levesque Caduto
Watershed Coordinator
ANR / Dept. of Environmental Conservation
100 Mineral Street, Suite 303
Springfield, VT 05156-3168
Ph: 802-885-8958
Fax: 802-885-8890

Manure Available Nitrogen Calculator



Smooth Bedstraw (Galium mollugo)*

Smooth bedstraw is a weed that is rapidly becoming a problem in local pastures and hay fields. It is a non native plant that under less than ideal growing conditions and cutting or grazing management can quickly crowd out native crop plants. See factsheet for more details for combatting this pest.


Vermont Conservation Districts



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